§ The Indian National Congress was founded at Bombay in December 1885.
§ The early leadership – Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, Badruddin Tyabji, W.C. Bonnerji, Surendranath Banerji, Romesh Chandra Dutt, S. Subramania Iyer, among others – was largely from Bombay and Calcutta.
§ A retired British official, A.O. Hume, also played a part in bringing Indians from the various regions together.
§ Formation of INC was an effort in the direction of promoting the process of nation building.
§ In an effort to reach all regions, it was decided to rotate the Congress session among different parts of the country.
§ The President belonged to a region other than where the Congress session was being held.
§ First Session: held at Bombay in 1885. President: W.C. Bannerjee
o Formation of Indian National Congress.
§ Second Session: held at Calcutta in 1886. President: Dadabhai Naoroji
§ Third Session: held at Madras in 1887. President: Syed Badruddin Tyabji, first muslim President.
§ Fourth Session: held at Allahabad in 1888. President: George Yule, first English President.
§ 1896: Calcutta. President: Rahimtullah Sayani
o National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time by Rabindranath Tagore.
§ 1899: Lucknow. President: Romesh Chandra Dutt.
o Demand for permanent fixation of Land revenue
§ 1901: Calcutta. President: Dinshaw E.Wacha
o First time Gandhiji appeared on the Congress platform
§ 1905: Benaras. President: Gopal Krishan Gokhale
o Formal proclamation of Swadeshi movement against government
§ 1906: Calcutta. President: Dadabhai Naoroji
o Adopted four resolutions on: Swaraj (Self Government), Boycott Movement, Swadeshi & National Education
§ 1907: Surat. President: Rash Bihari Ghosh
o Split in Congress- Moderates & Extremist
o Adjournment of Session
§ 1910: Allahabad. President: Sir William Wedderburn
o M.A Jinnah decried the separate electorate system introduced by act of 1909
§ 1911: Calcutta. President: B.N. Dhar
o First time recital of Jan-Gan-Man in Congress session
§ 1915: Bombay. President: Sir S.P. Sinha
o Constitution of the Congress was altered to admit the delegates from the extremist section.
§ 1916: Lucknow. President: A.C. Majumdar
o Unity between two factions-Moderates and Extremists of Congress.
o Lucknow Pact signed between Congress and Muslim League to build political consensus.
§ 1917: Calcutta. President: Annie Besant, First Woman President of Congress
§ 1918 (Special session): Bombay. President: Syed Hasan Imam
o The session was convened to deliberate the contentious Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms Scheme.
§ 1919: Amritsar. President: Motilal Nehru
o Congress extended support to Khilafat Movement.
§ 1920 (Special Session): Calcutta. President: Lala Lajpat Rai
o Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non cooperation resolution.
§ 1920: Nagpur. President: C. Vijayaraghavachariar
o Reconstitution of Working committees of Congress on Linguistic basis.
o MA Jinnah left the Indian National Congress.
§ 1922: Gaya. President: C.R. Das
o CR Das and other leaders broke away from INC.
o Formation of Swaraj Party.
§ 1924: Belgaum. President: M.K. Gandhi
o Only Session presided over by Mahatma Gandhi.
§ 1925: Kanpur. President: Sarojini Naidu, First Indian Woman President.
§ 1927: Madras. President: Dr. M.A. Ansari
o Passed a resolution against the use of Indian troops in China, Iran and Mesopotamia.
o Passed a resolution against boycott of Simon Commission.
o Adoption of resolution on Purna Swaraj.
§ 1928: Calcutta. President: Motilal Nehru
o Formation of All India Youth Congress.
§ 1929: Lahore. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
o Passed the resolution on ‘Poorna Swaraj.’
o Civil Disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched.
o 26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.
§ 1931: Karachi. President: Vallabhbhai Patel
o Resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Programme.
o Endorsement of Gandhi-Irwin pact.
o Gandhi nominated to represent INC in the Second RTC to be held in London.
§ 1934: Bombay. President: Rajendra Prasad
o Amendment in the Constitution of Congress
§ 1936: Lucknow. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
o Push towards socialist ideas by Jawahar Lal Nehru.
§ 1937: Faizpur. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
o First Session to be held in a village.
§ 1938: Haripura. President: Subhas Chandra Bose
o National Planning Committee set up under Jawahar Lal Nehru.
§ 1939: Tripuri. President: Rajendra Prasad
o Subhas Chandra Bose was re-elected but had to resign.
o Rajendra Prasad was appointed in his place.
o Subhash Chandra Bose formed Forward Bloc.
§ 1940: Ramgarh. President: Abul Kalam Azad
o CDM to be launched at appropriate time and circumstances.
§ 1941–45: This Period is marked by events i.e. Quit India movement, RIN Mutiny & INA trials.
o Phase of constitutional negotiations such as Cripps Mission, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission.
o On account of these events during this phase no congress session was held.
§ 1946: Meerut. President: J.B Kripalani
o Last session before independence
o J.B Kriplani was the president of INC at independence.
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