Important Indian National Congress Sessions

v  Introduction

§  The Indian National Congress was founded at Bombay in December 1885.

§  The early leadership – Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, Badruddin Tyabji, W.C. Bonnerji, Surendranath Banerji, Romesh Chandra Dutt, S. Subramania Iyer, among others – was largely from Bombay and Calcutta.

§  A retired British official, A.O. Hume, also played a part in bringing Indians from the various regions together.

§  Formation of INC was an effort in the direction of promoting the process of nation building.

§  In an effort to reach all regions, it was decided to rotate the Congress session among different parts of the country.

§  The President belonged to a region other than where the Congress session was being held.

  • v  Sessions

§  First Session: held at Bombay in 1885. President: W.C. Bannerjee

o   Formation of Indian National Congress.

§  Second Session: held at Calcutta in 1886. President: Dadabhai Naoroji

§  Third Session: held at Madras in 1887. President: Syed Badruddin Tyabji, first muslim President.

§  Fourth Session: held at Allahabad in 1888. President: George Yule, first English President.

§  1896: Calcutta. President: Rahimtullah Sayani

o   National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time by Rabindranath Tagore.

§  1899: Lucknow. President: Romesh Chandra Dutt.

o   Demand for permanent fixation of Land revenue

§  1901: Calcutta. President: Dinshaw E.Wacha

o   First time Gandhiji appeared on the Congress platform

§  1905: Benaras. President: Gopal Krishan Gokhale

o   Formal proclamation of Swadeshi movement against government

§  1906: Calcutta. President: Dadabhai Naoroji

o   Adopted four resolutions on: Swaraj (Self Government), Boycott Movement, Swadeshi & National Education

§  1907: Surat. President: Rash Bihari Ghosh

o   Split in Congress- Moderates & Extremist

o   Adjournment of Session

§  1910: Allahabad. President: Sir William Wedderburn

o   M.A Jinnah decried the separate electorate system introduced by act of 1909

§  1911: Calcutta. President: B.N. Dhar

o   First time recital of Jan-Gan-Man in Congress session

§  1915: Bombay. President: Sir S.P. Sinha

o   Constitution of the Congress was altered to admit the delegates from the extremist section.

§  1916: Lucknow. President: A.C. Majumdar

o   Unity between two factions-Moderates and Extremists of Congress.

o   Lucknow Pact signed between Congress and Muslim League to build political consensus.

§  1917: Calcutta. President: Annie Besant, First Woman President of Congress

§  1918 (Special session): Bombay. President: Syed Hasan Imam

o   The session was convened to deliberate the contentious Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms Scheme.

§  1919: Amritsar. President: Motilal Nehru

o   Congress extended support to Khilafat Movement.

§  1920 (Special Session): Calcutta. President: Lala Lajpat Rai

o   Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non cooperation resolution.

§  1920: Nagpur. President: C. Vijayaraghavachariar

o   Reconstitution of Working committees of Congress on Linguistic basis.

o   MA Jinnah left the Indian National Congress.

§  1922: Gaya. President: C.R. Das

o   CR Das and other leaders broke away from INC.

o   Formation of Swaraj Party.

§  1924: Belgaum. President: M.K. Gandhi

o   Only Session presided over by Mahatma Gandhi.

§  1925: Kanpur. President: Sarojini Naidu, First Indian Woman President.

§  1927: Madras. President: Dr. M.A. Ansari

o   Passed a resolution against the use of Indian troops in China, Iran and Mesopotamia.

o   Passed a resolution against boycott of Simon Commission.

o   Adoption of resolution on Purna Swaraj.

§  1928: Calcutta. President: Motilal Nehru

o   Formation of All India Youth Congress.

§  1929: Lahore. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru

o   Passed the resolution on ‘Poorna Swaraj.’

o   Civil Disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched.

o   26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.

§  1931: Karachi. President: Vallabhbhai Patel

o   Resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Programme.

o   Endorsement of Gandhi-Irwin pact.

o   Gandhi nominated to represent INC in the Second RTC to be held in London.

§  1934: Bombay. President: Rajendra Prasad

o   Amendment in the Constitution of Congress

§  1936: Lucknow. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru

o   Push towards socialist ideas by Jawahar Lal Nehru.

§  1937: Faizpur. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru

o   First Session to be held in a village.

§  1938: Haripura. President: Subhas Chandra Bose

o   National Planning Committee set up under Jawahar Lal Nehru.

§  1939: Tripuri. President: Rajendra Prasad

o   Subhas Chandra Bose was re-elected but had to resign.

o   Rajendra Prasad was appointed in his place.

o   Subhash Chandra Bose formed Forward Bloc.

§  1940: Ramgarh. President: Abul Kalam Azad

o   CDM to be launched at appropriate time and circumstances.

§  1941–45: This Period is marked by events i.e. Quit India movement, RIN Mutiny & INA trials.

o   Phase of constitutional negotiations such as Cripps Mission, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission.

o   On account of these events during this phase no congress session was held.

§  1946: Meerut. President: J.B Kripalani

o   Last session before independence

o   J.B Kriplani was the president of INC at independence.

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