ideological Differences and Similarities B/W Gandhi and Ambedkar

v  Gandhi’s Harijan Campaign and Thoughts On Caste

§  Gandhi gave up all his preoccupations and launched a whirlwind campaign against untouchability.

§  While in jail, he set up the all India Anti-touchability league in September 1932 and started the weekly {sin-quite}Harijan’ in January 1933.

§  He conducted a Harijan tour of the country in the period from November 1933 to July 1934, covering 20,000 km, collecting money for his newly set up Harijan Sevak Sangh and propagating removal of untouchability in all its forms.

§  He urged political workers to do the same as he was doing.

§  Throughout his Campaign, Gandhi was attacked by orthodox and reactionary elements and accused him for attacking Hinduism, Black flag was demonstrated against him.

§  Gandhi’s thoughts on caste: -

§  Based on humanism and reason.

§  Believed that Shastras did not sanction untouchability, and it they did then they should be rejected.

§  He believed untouchability to be a grave sin, and caste Hindu’s would have to do penance for committing.

§  He did not want to annihilate the caste system, but to remove the concept of ‘upper’ and ‘lower’ from it.

o   Ambedkar, wanted to absolutely annihilate the caste system by destroying the religious notions upon which caste is build. 

  • v  Ideological Differences and Similarities

o   Gandhi, the principal architect of the Indian freedom Struggle.

o   Dr.B.R.Ambedkar, the principal architect of the Indian constitution.

Ø  Ideological similarities between Gandhi and Ambedkar: -

1.      Ambedkar advocated Parliamentary system of government for Independent India, but Gandhi had very little respect for the Parliamentary system of government.

2.     Ambedkar believed in seperation of politics and religion but Gandhi never approved this.

3.     Gandhi used to spoke in plain loval vernacular, where as Ambedkar spoke in English.

4.     Gandhi did not want to annihilate the caste system, he only wanted to remove the concept of ‘upper’ and ‘lower’ from it, where as Ambedkar wanted to absolutely annihilate the caste system.

5.     Ambedkar wanted to solve the problem of untouchability through laws and constitutional methods, where as Gandhi treated untouchability as a moral stigma and wanted it to be erased by Acts of atonement (the action of making amends for a wrong).

Ø  Ideological similarities between Gandhi and Ambedkar: -

1.      The burning of foreign cloth by Gandhi and the burning of Manusmriti by Ambedkar.

2.     The idea of proper education to make the individual desire for change, reform, and integration.

3.     Both believed in freedom of religion.

4.     Ambedkar envisaged limited sovereign power of the state and Gandhi too believed in limited sovereign power of the state.


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